Ervin Rouse and The Rouse Brothers Wrote “Orange Blossom Special,” Lived In The Everglades, Recorded for Henry Stone


Article ©Jacob Katel

The Rouse Brothers were hard drinking fiddle demons who lived in the Everglades amongst the outlaws and wetlanders, shack shakers, and juke jointers. They were party lifers, and money spenders. And chart topping songwriters.

Their toil produced “One of the top 10 country songs of the century” according to ASCAP (the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers), and they are featured in the Smithsonian Museum’s music library.

Ervin T Rouse (sometimes spelled Erwin Rouse) is the man responsible for the “Orange Blossom Special,” covered on over 200 records and made most famous by the man in black, Johnny Cash, who named a whole album after it. Hillbilly Hall-Of-Famers Bill Monroe and His Bluegrass Boys also covered the song. The Rouses maintained their writing copyrights; and every time Johnny Cash sold a record, they got their piece of it.

The “Orange Blossom Special” was first recorded by Ervin Rouse with backup fiddle from his brother Gordon, and lyrics from their brother Jack. This came out on the RCA Bluebird record label in 1939.

The song is a frenetic archetype of bluegrass virtuosity; a fast and furious anthropomorphized rendition of the great train ride south on the Florida East Coast railway conceived by Standard Oil’s own Henry Flagler; and built mostly by African-Americans and Bahamians, and also Jamaicans, Cubans, Irish, Florida native, Georgians,  New Yorkers, and Chinese workers who set their forces of construction into making Miami the bold metropolis it is today.

The song is a symbol of freedom; escaping the harsh winter of New York for the paradise of Miami.


In 1953, BILLBOARD Magazine called the Rouse Brothers “Hillbilly recording artists.” They were born on the coastal plain of Craven County, North Carolina, and hit the road as kids to play in Vaudeville shows, but not long after scoring their hit with “Orange Blossom Special,” they moved west of Miami into the Florida Everglades.



The Rouse’s cut lines on the edge of society, making a reputation for drinking hard and shack-shaking their way into the city for concerts. They also did recording sessions for Henry Stone.

In the 1950’s the Rouse Brothers  recorded a series of classic cuts for Henry Stone’s Rockin’ and DeLuxe labels.

They even brought him new generations of Rouse to record. In a 2013 interview, Stone remembered, “Elaine Gay, she was a daughter of one of the Rouse brothers, about 11 or 13 years old, real country, real country folk, and I recorded her. They brought her to me dirty, bare feet, and she had a great little country sound. She had a great little country sound. I sent her up to King Records, but she never broke through.”


Ervin Rouse, legend of the Everglades

Ervin Rouse, legend of the Everglades – publicity photo


Some of the songs were pressed up on 78rpm shellac and introduced to distribution. Others never left the confines of the magnetic Scotch recording tape that houses their ever wailing souls even today.

Until now.

Thanks to Henry Stone Music USA Inc. and the HistoryMiami museum, some of these recordings will finally see the light of day at Gramps in Wynwood.



February 24, 7:00pm. Gramps, 176 NW 24th St, Miami, Florida 33127

Discover Miami’s musical roots with classic analog recordings by the legendary Henry Stone in the 1950s. Digitized from original tapes, these recordings showcase Miami’s dynamic music history and include rock and roll, bluegrass, soul, and country western artists and songs.

Free to the Public


There are 4 comments on Ervin Rouse and The Rouse Brothers Wrote “Orange Blossom Special,” Lived In The Everglades, Recorded for Henry Stone

  • by the way he did hang out at the gator hook on the Loop road. on

    As child in Miami my parents and the Rouse brother spent much time togather and as a teenager Irvin showed me how to use a double may fly rig to catch more bass than most other people fishing around me,I do not remember driving a new Cadalac he normally drove an old car with the roof caved in so his dog could ride on top and not fall off.Thanks Jack Bridges.

  • Hey Jack thanks for commenting! Can I give you a call I have some questions for an article?



  • Just a note of correction. Craven County North Carolina is in the coastal plain. I live in New Bern NC., around 15 or 20 miles at most from Ervin T. Rouse’s historical marker. I am also a Rouse, though not direct family.

  • Big Al, thanks very much for the info on Craven County being on the coastal plain. Article updated. Thanks again. Have a good one.

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